Is the US Navy Overrated?

Articles (print and online)

“Aircraft Carrier Article Classified Secret by Navy,” Navy Times, May 24, 1982.

“Aussie Duo Conquer Perisher Challenge,” Navy News, November 2002. Republished by This article can be viewed at:

"Band-Aid Navy -- How Shortages are Burning Out Sailors and Wearing Out the Fleet," Navy Times. May 22, 2000.

“Canada’s Air Force: World War I” Canadian Air Force Web site. This article can be viewed at:

“Canadian Military Assumes Command of Afghanistan PRT,” American Forces Press Service, August 18, 2005. This press release can be viewed at: 

"Carrier Kennedy Skipper Relieved of Command -- Ship Failed Major [Navy Board] INSURV Inspection," Navy Times, Dec. 17, 2001.

“CDC’s CANTASS is an Exceptional Canadian Achievement,” The Wednesday Report (online version), Vol. 4, No, 36.  

“Collins Subs Star in Naval Exercises,” The Age (online version). 24 September 2003.

“Cubic’s Advanced Combat Training System Prepares NATO Forces for Combined Operations at Exercise Maple Flag 04,” Business Wire. 6/16/2004. HighBeam Research (accessed September, 2004).

“Defense Watch,” Defense Daily, Vol. 21, No. 55. June 18, 2001. HighBeam Research (accessed September, 2004).

“Drug Testing: An Overview” article on the ACLU web site (, October 21, 2002.

"Duct-Tape Aviation -- How Old Planes and Parts Shortages Are Running Aircraft and Sailors Ragged," Navy Times. Sept. 10, 2001.

“The Era of the Aircraft Carrier May be Ending,” Honolulu Star-Bulletin, August 26, 1997. HighBeam Research (accessed September, 2004).

“Facts that May Surprise You,” Article on the Web site.

“F-16 Fighting Falcon History,”, February 23, 2003.

"IG Issues Scorching Report on Naval Aviation," Navy Times. Sept. 25, 2000.

“Iroquois (Tribal) Class,” Article on the website.

“It’s All About Admitting, Learning From, But Not Repeating Mistakes,” Fathom. October-December 2003, pp.6-11.

“Japan – Recruitment and Conditions of Service,” Travel and Adventure Guide (online version), January 1994.

“A Long Flight to Nowhere,” article on the Citizens against Government Waste Web site, February 18, 2005.

“Many Americans Too Fat to Fight: Not Only are U.S. Troops Out of Shape, Recruits Too Big to Join, Army says.” The Halifax Herald (online version), July 4, 2005.

“Navy Orders Complete Standdown,” CBS News Website, September 15, 2000.

“Navy to get early crack at mine-hunting system,” The Halifax Herald (online version), July 19. 2005.

“New Generation Techs Graduate at CFB Borden,” The Courier: The Community Newspaper of 4 Wing Cold Lake (online version), 19 July 2005.

“Nuclear Submarine Crew Member Charged with Sabotage,” Seattle Post-Intelligencer (online version), January 11, 2001.

“On The Defensive,” Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists. 1/1/2004. HighBeam Research (accessed September, 2004).

“Operation Mainbrace,” Time, September 22, 1952.

“Our Sub Won Attack on U.S. Vessel – Blais,” The Toronto Star, May 9, 1984, p. A8.

“Rafale Order Finalized” LeWebmag, October 12, 2004. This article may be viewed at:

“Russia Promises Weapons to China to Destroy U.S. Navy,” November 16, 2000.

“SMCC 2004: Impressions of a USN Student,” This article can be viewed at:

“Tandem Thrust ’99,” Asia-Pacific Defense Forum (online version). Fall 1999.

“Team Canada Soars to Victory at William Tell ’96,” Airman (online version). December 1996.

“U.S. Flotilla Decked by Canadian Sub,” The Winnipeg Free Press. May 9, 1984, p. 30.

“U.S. Navy is criticized,” The Birmingham Post. 2/17/2001. HighBeam Research (accessed September, 2004).

“US Nuclear Ships May Conceal Accidents,” Green Left Weekly Online Edition, Issue 52, April 15, 1992.

“U.S. Pacific Fleet No Match for the Russian Air Force,” Discerning the Times Digest and Newsbytes. November 2000.

“Vice Admiral C.A. Lockwood, ComSubPac,” This article can be viewed at:

“World University Rankings,” The Times Higher Education Supplement (online version), November 5, 2004.

Abate, Tom. “Military Waste under Fire: $1 trillion missing,” San Francisco Chronicle (online version). May 18, 2003.

Abate, Tom. “War Game reveals Navy Risk,” San Francisco Chronicle (online version). March 20, 2003.

Aboulafia, Richard. “Maritime Patrol Market: Escaping the Doldrums,” Aerospace America (online version), April 2002.

Alexander, Greg. “Iranian Air Force F-14,” Web site, 12 May 2002. This article can be viewed at:

Aloni, Shlomo, “Israel’s Roving Warriors,” Air Forces Monthly. No.5, 1999, p. 36.

Anderson, Guy. “US Defence Budget will equal ROW combined ‘within 12 months’” Jane’s Defence Industry (online version), 4 May 2005.

Anderson, Rick. “Peril Harbor,” Seattle Weekly (online version). January 11-16, 2001.

Anderson, Rick. “Sub Slasher Sentenced,” Seattle Weekly (online version). August 2-8, 2001.

Atkinson, Gerald L. “ADM Charles R. Larson: The Anatomy of a Closet Leftie,” The New Totalitarians web site. This article can be viewed at:

Bellis, Mary. “Inventions of France – French Inventors,” Article on the Web site.

Benedict, John R. “The Unraveling and Revitalization of U.S. Navy Antisubmarine Warfare,” Naval War College Review, Spring 2005, Volume 58, No.2, pp. 97-100, 115 and 117.

Bennington, Ashley. “Stealthy Subs (letter)”, Popular Science, 7/1/1999. HighBeam Research (accessed September, 2004).

Berler, Ron. “Saving the Pentagon’s Killer Chopper-Plane,” Wired Magazine (online version), July 2005.

Borger, Julian. “Uncle Sam Sunk in Credibility Gulf,” The Age. (online version). September 8, 2002.

Bowman, Martin. “Snowbirds!” Air Classics, January 2001. LookSmart’s FindArticles, accessed July 2005.

Brattebo, Douglas M. “From the Guest Editor,” White House Studies, Spring 2004. LookSmart’s FindArticles (accessed August, 2005).

Brewster, Murray. “Other countries likely first to use Canadian mine-clearing drones,” article on Web site, July 21, 2005.

Brooke, James. “U.S. Rule of Pacific Waves Faces China Challenge,” International Herald Tribune (online version), December 30, 2004.

Caldwell, Robert J. “Navy’s Woes Reflect Risks of Years of Underfunding Defense,” San Diego Union Tribune (online version), September 24, 2000.

Cary, Peter. “Death at Sea” U.S. News and World Report, 4/23/90. HighBeam Research (accessed March, 2005).

Cary, Peter, et al. “What’s Wrong with the Navy?” U.S. News and World Report, 7/13/92. HighBeam Research (accessed September, 2004).

Chernitzer, Rick. “Problems Corrected, USS John F. Kennedy ready to go,” Stars And Stripes (online version), February 25, 2002.

Cloutier, Todd. Daring to Go Dutch,” Undersea Warfare Magazine (online version), Fall 2003.

Ciotti, Paul. “Clinton's War on the Navy,” WorldNetDaily. February 14, 2000.

Collingnon, Gilles. “M88-2: Mission Feedback,” Snecma Magazine (online version), December 2002.

Conley, Daniel. “Don’t Discount the Diesel,” U.S. Naval Institute Proceedings, October 1987, p.77.

Coyle, Frank G. “Navy Needs Heavy-Lift/Countermine Helos,” U.S. Naval Institute Proceedings, August 2004, pp. 52-54.

Crawley, James W. “Military Sees Drug Use Rise Despite Tests and Warnings,” San Diego Union/Tribune (online version). July 29, 2002.

Crawley, James W. “Navy Charges SEAL Officer With Using Drugs: Seven Other Also Being Investigated,” San Diego Union/Tribune (online version). August 22, 2004.

Crawley, James W. “Pentagon’s Battle to Keep Illicit Drugs out of the Barracks and off Warships has Faltered,” San Diego Union/Tribune (online version). July 29, 2002.

Crawley, James W. “S.D. might be Home to Swedish Sub,” San Diego Union/Tribune (online version). October 14, 2004.

Crawley, James W. “Quiet Diesel Subs Surface as New Threat,” San Diego Union/Tribune (online version). January 22, 2004.

Crawley, James W. “Vikings’ Funeral: Two S-3B Jet Squadrons Being Retired at North Island Naval Air Station,” San Diego Union/Tribune (online version). April 16, 2004.

Crock, Stan. “The (Not so) Super Hornet,” Business Week (online version). 12/13/1999.

Cullen, Shay. “If the Nuclear Meltdown Happens, What Then?” The Philippine Daily Inquirer, February 15, 1990.

Daniel, Will. “Navy, Marine Corps Aviation Parts Back Orders Hit All-Time Low,” Navy Supply Corps Newsletter, Jan-Feb 2005. LookSmart’s FindArticles, accessed August 2005.

Day, Vox. “No case for Internment,” WorldNetDaily. September 6, 2004.

DeStasio, Robert. “DACT Good… Thunderstorm Bad!” Combat Edge, March 2003, LookSmart’s FindArticles, accessed July 2005.

Digges, Charles. “Italy Furious after US Navy tried to cover up Sub Accident,” Bellona News (online version), November 11, 2003.

Director, Navy Equal Opportunity Office (PERS-670) “Navy-Wide Demographic Data Report for Q4 2004” (Millington, TN, 08 Nov 04).

Dixon, Robyn, and Richter, Paul. “Russia Brags its jets buzzed carrier Kitty Hawk,” The Virginian Pilot. 11/16/2000. HighBeam Research (accessed September, 2004).

Dolan, Matthew. “Increasing Number of Navy Officers Getting Fired,” The Virginian-Pilot

Donahoe, C.A. “Mines: Will They Sink the U.S. Navy?” Course paper for the Marine Corps University Command and Staff College, 1992. This paper can be viewed at:

Dorsey, Jack. “Ex-SEALS say Racism Rampant,” The Virginian-Pilot 7/15/2001. HighBeam Research (accessed September, 2004).

Dorsey, Jack. “In the Baltic Sea, 14 Navies Test Their Skills,” The Virginian-Pilot 6/22/1996. HighBeam Research (accessed September, 2004).

Dorsey, Jack. “Navy made Scapegoat of ex-Radford Skipper: Frustrated Officers say Navy Officials Deny Claims that System Breakdowns mean Ships are sailing with Major Problems,” The Virginian-Pilot (online version). July 17, 1999.

Dorsey, Jack. “Special Report: Training is Touch and Go,” The Virginian-Pilot (online version). September 13, 2004.

Dorsey, Jack, and Eisman, Dale. “Report Spotlights Ship’s Problems,” The Virginian-Pilot (online version). July 13, 2005.

Dunnigan, James. “How NOT to Build and Aircraft Carrier,” article on the web site, December 7, 2003.

Dougherty, Jon E. “Admiral Fears U.S. Not Ready,” WorldNetDaily. September 9, 2000.

Dougherty, Jon E. “China Simulates Attacks on U.S. Carriers,” WorldNetDaily. December 18, 2001.

Dougherty, Jon E. “China to Target U.S. Carriers,” WorldNetDaily. July 13, 2002.

Dougherty, Jon E. “Fat Soldiers Equals Fat Chance on the Battlefield,” WorldNetDaily. January 3, 2001.

Dougherty, Jon E. “Navy, Air Force Spare-parts Crisis,” WorldNetDaily. September 30, 2000.

Dougherty, Jon E. “Navy Combat Systems Unsafe?  Chief Tester says Weapons Deployed Before ‘Acceptable’,” WorldNetDaily. October 1, 2002.

Dougherty, Jon E. “Pakistan to put Nukes on Subs,” WorldNetDaily. February 23, 2001.

Dougherty, Jon E. “Russian Flyover takes Navy by Surprise,” WorldNetDaily. December 7, 2000.

Dougherty, Jon E. “Why is the Navy Home?” WorldNetDaily. December 28, 1999.

Draper, Robert. “Reflections on Higher Education in the US and the UK,” (A summary of a lecture by Professor David VandeLinde). Proceedings of the BRLSI (online version), Volume 5, 2001.

Eisman, Dale. “Four Russian Planes fly by U.S. Carrier, Send Photos of the Trip,” The Virginian Pilot. 12/8/2000. HighBeam Research (accessed September, 2004).

Eisman, Dale. “Military Surprised, Disappointed by Results of Race Survey,” The Virginian Pilot. 11/27/1999. HighBeam Research (accessed October, 2004).

Ethell, Jeffrey. “Pelea a Cuchillo en Chile,” (Traduccion Revista Fuerza Aerea .A Spanish translation of an article by Ethell that originally appeared in the August 1989 issue of Air Combat magazine). This translation can be viewed at:

Fairburn, Bill. “The Canadian Forces Today: The Navy Charts Its Course,” Legion Magazine (online version). May-June, 1999.

Farah, James. “Anchors Away: The Late Great U.S. Navy,” WorldNetDaily. January 29, 1999.

Fisher, Richard. “Developing US-Chinese Nuclear Naval Competition In Asia,” International Assessment and Strategy Center web site, January 16, 2005.

Freedberg, Sydney J. “Reforming the Ranks,” National Journal (online version). August 4, 2001.

Garran, Robert “A Deadly Exercise in Stealth, The Weekend Australian. 23-25 December 2000, p.1

Gertz, Bill. “China Tests Potent, Supersonic Anti-Ship Cruise Missiles,” The Washington Times. 9/25/2001. HighBeam Research (accessed September, 2004).

Gertz, Bill. “Russian Sub Stalks Three U.S. Carriers,” The Washington Times. 11/23/1997. HighBeam Research (accessed September, 2004).

Goldstein, Lyle, and Murray, William. “Undersea Dragons: China’s Maturing Submarine Force,” International Security, Vol. 28, No.4 (spring 2004), pp. 165, 183-186, and 190-191.

Goldstein, Lyle, and Zhukov, Yuri M. “A tale of Two Fleets: A Russian Perspective on the 1973 Naval Standoff in the Mediterranean,” Naval War College Review, spring 2004. LookSmart’s FindArticles, accessed August 2005.

Goldstein, Lyle, and Zhukov, Yuri M. “Superpower Showdown in the Mediterranean, 1973,” Sea Power (online version), October 2003.

Goldstein, Richard. “Elmo R. Zumwalt Jr., Admiral Who Modernized the Navy, is Dead at 79,” The New York Times. January 3, 2000, p. A17.

Gordon, Robert. “Navy’s Ships Making Valuable Contribution,” Halifax Chronicle Herald. March 23, 1983, p.3.

Granatstein, J.L. “The American Influence on the Canadian Military, 1939-1963” Canadian Military History (online version), Spring 1993.

Grant, Rebecca. “The Carrier Myth,” Air Force (online version), March 1999.

Gromer, Cliff. “Ultimate High,” Popular Mechanics (online version). February 1, 1998.

Healy, Patrick. “Harvard’s Quiet Secret: Rampant Grade Inflation,” The Boston Globe (online version), October 7, 2001.

Heinl, Robert D. “The Collapse of the Armed Forces,” Armed Forces Journal, 7 June 1971.

Hellman, Christopher. “Last of the Big Time Spenders: U.S. Military Budget Still the World's Largest, and Growing”, Center for Defense Information Web site, Feb 3, 2003. This report can be viewed at:

Helms, Nat, and Perry, Ray. “Russian Submarine Emergency Sheds Light on US Navy Deep Water Rescue Capabilities,” DefenseWatch, August 13, 2005.

Hodge, Nathan. “Australian ‘Hit’ on U.S. Sub Gets attention,” Defense Weekly Daily Update, 1 October 2003.

Holzer, Robert. “Dangerous Waters: Submarines, New Mines Imperil Ill-Prepared U.S. Navy Fleet”. Defense News, May 4-10, 1998. pp: 1, 14-15. Quoted in Kan, Shirley A., et al. “China’s Foreign Conventional Arms Acquisitions: Background and Analysis” Congressional Research Service Report, October 10, 2000, p. 64.

Hsu, Brian. “Navy allows a rare glimpse of sub,” Taipei Times. June 23, 2000. This article can be viewed at

Hudson, Jason. “Naval Service Isn’t a Remedial Social Program,” Proceedings, February 2003, pp. 72-73.

Hussain, Jamal, Air Commodore, PAF (Retired). “Joint USAF/PAF Exercises in 1978,” Defence Journal (online version). August 2004.

Johnson, Ray and Robson, Lem. “William Tell ’96,” Airman (online version). February 1997.

Johnson. Terry. “Four Kills in Five Minutes,” Alberta Report, 11/11/1996. HighBeam Research (accessed October, 2004).

Kaplan, David B. “When Incidents are Accidents: The Silent Saga of the Nuclear Navy,” Oceans Magazine, August 1983. Note: This article is inaccurate in some aspects, but much of it is reasonable and true.

Kaylor, Robert. "Deadly Games of Hide and Seek," US News and World Report. 6/15/1987. Highbeam Research (accessed March 2005).

Kaylor, Robert. "The Navy's 21st-century Submarine: Critics ask whether the Seawolf can keep the U.S. ahead of the Soviets," US News and World Report. 4/24/1989. HighBeam Research (accessed March 2005).

Keating, Kevin. “Harass the Brass: Mutiny, Fragging and Desertions in the U.S. Military,” Alternative Press Review (online version). Vol. 6, No. 2, Summer 2001.

Kelly, Gloria. “Escape Training for Real Life Situations,” Maple Leaf (online version). 12 November 2003.

Kelton, Maryanne. “New Depths in Australia-U.S. Relations: The Collins Class Submarine Project.” School of Political and International Studies Working Paper, The Flinders University of South Australia. March 2004, pp. 22-23.

Kim, Sun-jung. “A Changed World for Korea’s Returnees,” JoongAng Daily (online version), 27 July 2005. This article can be viewed at:'s+returnees

Knuth, Dean. “Battle Group Tactical Proficiency,” Proceedings. December 1981, pp. 108-111.

Knuth, Dean. “Do We Still Need a Navy?” The Washington Post. May 7, 1982.

Kress, Bob, and Gillcrist, Paul. “Battle of the Superfighters: F-14D vs. F/A-18E/F (Two Experts Say the Super Hornet isn’t so Super,” Flight Journal (online version), February 2002.

Lafortune, Gaetan. “Weighty Problem,” OECD Observer (online version), September 2003.

Lambie, Chris. “Fast Torpedoes Pose New Threat,” The Daily News (online version), August 6, 2004.

Levy, James P. “Race for the Decisive Weapon: British, American, and Japanese carrier fleets, 1942-1943”, Naval War College Review, Winter 2005, LookSmart’s FindArticles (accessed July 2005).

Lumpkin, John J. “Collision with Carrier Raises Concerns,” The Union Leader (online version). August 6, 2004.

Lumpkin, John J. “Navy Relieves 80 Commanders over 5 Years,” The Guardian (online Version), December 22, 2004. This article, although published in a British newspaper, concerns the US Navy.

Margolis, Eric. "Did Russia Win D-Day?" CNEWS, May 30, 2004.

Marolda, Ed. “Mine Warfare,” Naval Historical Center Web site. This article can be viewed at:

Mayfield, Dave. "Subs Emerge from the Deep," The Virginian Pilot. 4/27/98. Highbeam Research (accessed March 2005).

Maxfield, Betty D. “Army Profile FY04” Department of Army, Deputy Chief of Staff, Army G-1. Washington, DC, 2005. 

McCrone, James. “Top Gun: The Next Generation,” National Guard, January 1999 (LookSmart’s FindArticles, accessed July 2005).

McPhedran, Ian. “Collins Subs a Lethal Force,”, September 24, 2003.

McMichael, William H. “Today’s Military Integrated, but Racism Still Exists,” Newport News Daily Press, 7/24/1998. HighBeam Research (accessed October, 2004).

Mendenhall, C. “The Case for Diesel Submarines,” Letter to US Naval Institute Proceedings, September 1995.

Mintz, Morton. “Article Critical of Carriers Stamped ‘Secret’ by Navy,” The Washington Post. May 4, 1982, pp. A1 and A14.

Morley, Mike. “Kitty Hawk Packs a Punch in Tandem Thrust ‘99”. COMVAVAIRPAC Public Affairs Office Report, March 30, 1999. Incidentally, despite the highly suggestive title, the actual report contains no evidence of a “victory” for the Kitty Hawk.

Nedelchev, Nicholay. “The US Silent Service in Early WWII: A Story of Failure”. This article can be viewed at:

Newman, Richard J. “Breaking the Surface,” U.S. News and World Report. 4/6/98. HighBeam Research (accessed September, 2004).

Nicholson, Brendan. “Collins Sub Shines in U.S. War Game,” The Sunday Age (online version). October 13, 2002.

Nicholson, Brendan. “Sub Troops get Underwater Cover,” The Age (online version). March 2, 2003.

Nordeen, Lon O. “A Half Century of Jet-fighter Combat: Skill, Determination, and Effective Battle Planning and Tactics are at least as Important as Excellent Birds of Prey,” Journal of Electronic Defense. 1/1/2004. HighBeam Research (accessed September, 2004).

Norris, Bob. “USN or USAF?” Tailhook Association Website, 2004. This article can be viewed at:

Nunez, Joseph. "Canada's Global Role: A Strategic Assessment of its Military Power," Parameters. 9/22/2004. HighBeam Research (accessed March, 2005).

O’Hanlon, Michael, Goldstein, Lyle, and Murray, William. “Damn the Torpedoes: Debating Possible U.S. Navy Losses in a Taiwan Scenario,” International Security, Vol. 29, No. 2, (Fall 2004), pp. 204-206.

“O’Neal, Kevin. “Why I am Failing my Junior Officers,” Proceedings, July 2003, pp. 40-42.

Orem, John H. “Security Needs a Professional Officer Community,” Proceedings, September 2004, p.62.

Orme, Nate. “Experimental Vessel Making Waves for Army,” The Flagship (online version), September 18, 2003.

O’Sullivan, Arieh. “Report: IAF Whips US Pilots in Exercise,” The Jerusalem Post (online version). September 24, 1999.

Paige, Sean. “GAO offers Stark Assessment of Warship Vulnerability,” Insight on the News, August 14, 2000.

Pash, Gerry. “Rim of the Pacific 2004- Aurora Hunts USN Submarine,” Lookout, July 26, 2004.

Perry, Raymond. “USS San Francisco: The Final Verdict” DefenseWatch, June 3, 2005.

Perry, Raymond. “Why Are Navy COs getting the Ax?” DefenseWatch, March 3, 2004.

Perry, Raymond. “Why we almost lost the Submarine,” DefenseWatch, April 18, 2005.

Peterson, Gordon I. “Training to the Highest Level,” Sea Power, December 2001, LookSmart’s FindArticles, accessed July 2005.

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Powers, Rod. “Minimum Required ASVAB Scores and Education Level,”, 2005. This article can be viewed at:

Powis, Commander Jonathan, Royal Navy. “U.K.’s Upholder-Class Subs Go to Canada,” Proceedings, October 2002, p. 101

Priestly, S.T. “Politics, Procurement Practices, and Procrastination: the Quarter-Century Sea King Helicopter Replacement Saga.,” Canadian American Strategic Review (online Version). January 2004.

Rhem, Kathleen T. “Up-or-out Personnel Policy ‘Lousy Idea,’ Rumsfeld tells Sailors,” DEFENSELINK News (online version), November 15, 2003.

Ricks, Thomas E. “Drugs, Sex and Recommendations…” The Washington Post, 7/17/2001. HighBeam Research (accessed October, 2004).

Rivers, Brendan P. “Forward... Into Dangerous Waters,” Journal of Electronic Defense, October 1, 1999. HighBeam Research (accessed September, 2004).

Rogers, R.W. “Naval Commander Says Drugs, Lack of Money Contribute to Fleet’s Problems,” Daily Press, 7/27/2001. HighBeam Research (accessed October, 2004).

Rowe, Steve. “Saving Naval Aviation,” US Naval Institute Proceedings (online version), September 2000.

Russell Chaddock, Gail. “US Notches World’s Highest Incarceration Rate,” The Christian Science Monitor (online version), August 18, 2003.

Ryan, Paul. “LCS Will Transform Mine Warfare,” U.S. Naval Institute Proceedings, December 2004, p. 38.

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Scarborough, Rowan. “Navy Officer gives Readiness Warning: Says His Planes Are Not Fit to Fight,” The Washington Times. 5/3/1999. HighBeam Research (accessed September, 2004).

Scarborough, Rowan. “Skill Level of Pilots in Air Force, Navy seen as Degraded,” The Washington Times. 2/21/2000. HighBeam Research (accessed September, 2004).

Scarborough, Rowan. “U.S. Ship took 40 Minutes to Respond to Order,” The Washington Times. 12/7/2000. HighBeam Research (accessed September, 2004).

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Sweetman, Bill. “Stacking the Deck: Neither Nimble nor Quick, the Super Hornet is a Jack-of-All-Trades,” Journal of Electronic Defense. 2/1/2004. HighBeam Research (accessed September, 2004).

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Thompson, Roger. “Are the Nuclear Submarine’s Days of Undersea Predominance Numbered?” International Insights, Vol. 6, No.2, pp. 91-95.

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Tiwari, Jaya, and Gray, Cleve J. “U.S. Nuclear Weapons Accidents,” Center for Defense Information, undated. This article can be viewed at:

Tokya, Viktor. “Ask Questions About Our ability to Conduct Anti Submarine Warfare,” Proceedings, September 2004, p. 24.

Turner, Stansfield. “Is the U.S. Navy being marginalized?” Naval War College Review, Summer, 2003. LookSmart’s FindArticles (accessed September, 2005).

Tyler, Greg. “USS Vincennes Cracking Down on Use of Illegal Drugs,” Stars and Stripes (online version), November 20, 2004.

Vandergriff, Donald E. “Army Personnel System Stuck in the Wrong Century,” DefenseWatch, April 17, 2002

Wajsman, Beryl P. “A Reminder of Our Nation’s Pride and Purpose: A Day Aboard the HMCS Montreal,” Institute for Public Affairs of Montreal, 10 September 2004. I can do without the jingoism, but there’s some interesting material in this short article on the Canadian Navy.

Walker, Larry. “Too Expensive to Lose, Too Expensive to Use – Weapons Systems” Insight on the News, January 23. 1995.

Wallace, James. “Boeing 737 may be enlisted as a Warplane,” Seattle Post-Intelligencer (online version), May 13, 2002.

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Weiner, Tim. “Arms Fiascoes Lead to Alarm Inside Pentagon,” New York Times On the Web: Learning Network (Student Connections), June 8, 2005.

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Westerman, Toby. “Moscow selling aircraft carrier killers,” WorldNetDaily, August 5, 2000.

Westerman, Toby. “Naval Officer warns of Attack: Daly says Nuclear Sub, Carrier Bases Vulnerable,” WorldNetDaily, June 19, 2001.

Williscroft, Robert. “Is the Nuclear Submarine Really Invincible?” DefenseWatch, September 9, 2004.

Williscroft, Robert. “Lessons from Two Aging Aircraft Carriers” DefenseWatch, October 9, 2002.

Williscroft, Robert. “Navy Training Undercut by Fraudulent Reports” DefenseWatch, October 2, 2002.

Williscroft, Robert. “The Wrong Sub for New Warfare Era,” DefenseWatch, October 4, 2004.

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Yamamoto, H. “Recent Trends of Drug Abuse in Japan,” Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences, 1025: 430-438 (2004).

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Books, Reports, Seminars and Monographs

“An Operational Perspective of Submarine Evasion Operations,” Presentation by Commander Dale Sykora, US Navy, at the 4th International New Horizons in Search Theory Workshop: Investigating Hider Theory. Newport RI, April 2004. This report can be viewed at:

“Background on NATO Flying Training in Canada (NFTC),” (Ottawa: Department of National Defence, November 1, 2003). This article can be viewed at:

 “Buy Six Diesel-Electric Submarines for Antisubmarine Warfare Training (050-26)” in Budget Options 2001 (online version). (Washington: Congressional Budget Office, Feb. 2001).

Report on Canadian Patrol Frigate Cost and Capability Comparison (Ottawa: Chief Review Services, Department of National Defence, Number 7050-11-11 CRS, 26 March 1999), pp. 6-7, C-1, and D-1.

Trip Report: Navy and Air Force Air Combat Training. Defense and the National Interest, January 30, 2000.

Adams, Michael C.C. The Best War Ever: America and World War II. (Baltimore: The Johns Hopkins University Press, 1994), p. 79.

Alcott, James A. Printed Media in the Year 2001. (Kansas City: Midwest Research Institute, 1978), p. 3.

Allen, Thomas B. War Games: The Secret World of the Creators, Players, and Policy Makers Rehearsing World War III Today. (New York: McGraw-Hill, 1987), pp. 286-289.

Aloni, Shlomo. Israeli Mirage and Nesher Aces (Oxford: Osprey, 2004), pp. 6, 80, and 88.

Anderson, Terry H. The Movement and the Sixties. (New York: Oxford University Press, 1995), p. 29.

Anelauskas, Valdas. Discovering America As It Is. (Atlanta: Clarity Press, 1999), pp. 136, 167-168, 181-183, and 191. The cover illustration is objectionable, but nevertheless this is a very well researched critique on American culture, education, and politics.

Appleman, Roy E. Disaster in Korea, the Chinese Confront MacArthur. (College Station: Texas A&M University Press, 1989).

Arkin, William F. and Handler, Joshua. Neptune Papers III: Naval Nuclear Accidents at Sea (Washington: Greenpeace, 1989). An extract from this book can be viewed at:

Atkinson, Gerald L. From Trust to Terror: Radical Feminism is Destroying the U.S. Navy (Camp Springs, MD: Atkinson Associates Press, 1997), pp. 57 and 94.

Beurling, George F., and Roberts, Leslie. Malta Spitfire: The Diary of a Fighter Pilot. (London: Greenhill Books, 2002).

Biddle, Stephen. Military Power: Explaining Victory and Defeat in Modern Battle. (Princeton: Princeton University Press, 2004), pp. ix, 21-27.

Brock, Jeffry. The Dark Broad Seas, Volume I (With many Voices). Toronto: McClelland and Stewart, 1981), pp. 29, 83, 92, 98, 135, 197-198, and 222.

Brock, Jeffry. The Thunder and the Sunshine, Volume II (With Many Voices). (Toronto: McClelland and Stewart, 1983), pp. 71-72, 112, and 275.

Bruns, Roger. Almost History. (New York: Hyperion, 2000), p. 233.

Cerf, Christopher, and Navasky, Victor. The Experts Speak. (New York: Villard, 1998), pp. 135, and 266.

Chancellor, John. Peril and Promise: A Commentary on America. (New York: HarperPerennial, 1991), pp. 29-32.

Citizens Against Government Waste. The Pig Book: How Government Wastes Your Money. (New York: Thomas Dunne Books, 2005), pp. 38-39.

Claire, Rodger. Raid On The Sun. (New York: Broadway, 2004), p. 75 and 91.

Cockburn, Andrew. The Threat: Inside the Soviet Military Machine. (New York: Vintage Books, 1984), pp. 227-228, 235, 397-438, and 424-425

Cohen, Eliot A., and Gooch, John. Military Misfortunes: The Anatomy of Failure in War. (New York: Anchor, 2003), pp. 62-67, 71, and 75.

Compton-Hall, Richard. Submarine Versus Submarine. (Toronto: Collins, 1988), pp. 23, 30, 32, 34-35, 107-108, 114, 137, 184, and 185.

Cook, Theodore F. “Our Midway Disaster: Japan Springs a Trap, June 4, 1942” in Cowley, Robert (ed.) What If? The World’s Foremost Military Historians Imagine What Might Have Been (New York: Berkley Books, 1999), pp.311-312, 318, 326-339.

Cooper, Tom, and Bishop, Farzad. Iranian F-14 Tomcat Units in Combat. (Oxford: Osprey Publishing, 2004), pp. 17, 32, 35, 44 and 92.

Coram, Robert. Boyd: The Fighter Pilot Who Changed the Art of War. (New York: Back Bay Books, 2004), pp. 157, 231, 331-332, 337, and 384.

Cote, Owen R. The Third Battle: Innovation in the U.S. Navy’s Cold War Struggle with Soviet Submarines, (Cambridge: MIT Security Studies Program, March 20000).

Critser, Greg. Fat Land: How Americans Became the Fattest People in the World. (New York: Mariner Books, 2004).

Deacon, Richard. The Silent War: A History of Western Naval Intelligence (London: Grafton Books, 1988), pp. 189-190.

Diehl. Alan E. Silent Knights: Blowing the Whistle on Military Accidents and Their Cover-Ups (Washington: Brassey’s, 2002), pp. 4, 32, 117, 186, and 304.

DiMercurio, Michael, and Benson, Michael. The Complete Idiot’s Guide to Submarines New York: Alpha. 2003), inside cover, pp. 23, 47, 56, 70-71, 160-162, and 244. Don’t let the title bother you. This is a very well detailed and well written book, superior to anything by Tom Clancy. The primary author is a former US nuclear submarine officer.

Dixon, Norman. On the Psychology of Military Incompetence (London: Pimlico, 1994), pp. 349-350.

Donnelly, Elaine. “Legacy Project Launches Spin Campaign To Obscure Clinton Record on Military Readiness,” 1/24/2002. This report can be viewed at:

Douthat, Ross Gregory. Privilege: Harvard and the Education of the Ruling Class (New York: Hyperion, 2005), pp. 4, 7, 113-117, 120, 125, 13, and 138.

Dunnigan, James F. and Nofi, Albert A. Dirty Little Secrets (New York: Quill, 1990), p.175.

Dunnigan, James F. and Nofi, Albert A. Dirty Little Secrets of the Vietnam War (New York: Thomas Dunne, 1999), p.145.

Eland, Ivan. Subtract Unneeded Nuclear Submarines from The Fleet. Foreign Policy Briefing No. 47 (Washington: The CATO Institute, April 1, 1998), pp. 6 and 13.

Enright, Joseph F., with Ryan, James W. Sea Assault. (New York: St. Martin’s Press, 2000), pp. 16-18, 28-29, 33, 193, 241.

Fallows, James. National Defense (New York, Random House, 1981), pp. XV, 12, 41-42, 96-98, and 100.

Fitzhenry, Robert I. (ed.) The Harper Book of Quotations (New York: Quill, 1993), pp. 140, 386, 449, and 452.

Friedman, George, and LeBard, Meredith. The Coming War With Japan. (New York: St. Martin’s Press, 1991), pp. 359-361, 364, 368, 370, and 373,

Freeman, Gregory A. Sailors to the End: The Deadly Fire on the USS Forrestal and the Heroes who Fought it. (New York: Perennial, 2002), pp. 2, 8, 10-11, and 14.

Fuchida, Mitsuo, and Okumiya, Masatake. Midway: The Battle That Doomed Japan, The Japanese Navy’s Story. (Annapolis: Naval Institute Press, 2001), pp. 279, 273, and 275-276.

Gabriel, Richard. The Antagonists: A Comparative Assessment of the Soviet and American Soldier. (Westport: Greenwood Press, 1984). P. 164.

Gabriel, Richard. Military Incompetence: Why the American Military Doesn’t Win. (New York: The Noonday Press, 1985), pp. 15, 31, 140-147.

Gannon, Michael. Operation Drumbeat : Germany's U-Boat Attacks Along the American Coast in World War II. (New York: HarperPerrenial, 1991), pp. 179, 309.

Goff, Stan. Full Spectrum Disorder: The Military in the New American Century. (Brooklyn: Soft Skull Press, 2004), pp. 73 and 116.

Granatstein, J.L. Who Killed the Canadian Military? (Toronto: Harper, 2004).

Gray, Chris Hables. Peace, War, and Computers. (New York: Routledge, 2005), pp. 47-48.

Greider, William. Fortress America.. (New York: PublicAffairs, 1998), pp. 130, 138.

Gross, Martin L. The Conspiracy of Ignorance: The Failure of American Public Schools. (New York: Perennial, 2000), pp. 1-2, and 117.

Gutmann, Stephanie. The Kinder, Gentler Military (San Francisco: Encounter Books, 2000), pp. 23, and 90-91.

Hadley, Arthur T. Straw Giant: America’s Armed Forces: Triumphs and Failures. (New York: Avon, 1987).

Hallion, Richard P. Storm Over Iraq: Air Power and the Gulf War. (Washington, DC: Smithsonian, 1992), pp. 27-31.

Harris, Brayton. The Navy Times Book of Submarines (New York: Berkley, 1997), pp.310-311.

Henderson, William Darryl. The Hollow Army: How the U.S. Army is Oversold and Undermanned. (Westport: greenwood Press, 1990).

Hickam, Homer H., Jr. Torpedo Junction. (New York: Dell, 1989), pp. xi, xiii, 23, 31, 56, 64, 94, 173, and 210.

Holland, Lauren. Weapons Under Fire. (New York: Garland Publishing, 1997), pp. 139 and 161.

Hoyt, Edwin P. War in the Pacific Volume I: Triumph of Japan. (New York: Avon Books, 1990), pp.35-36.

Huntington, Samuel P. The Soldier and the State. (Cambridge: Belknap Press, 2003), p. 266.

Isenberg, David. The Illusion of Power: Aircraft Carriers and U.S. Military Strategy (Cato Policy Analysis No. 134.) (Washington: The Cato Institute, 1990).

Johnson, Chalmers. The Sorrows of Empire: Militarism, Secrecy, and the End of the Republic. (New York: Metropolitan Books, 2004). Pp. 109-110.

Kaplan, Fred. “The Little Plane That Could Fly, If the Air Force Would Let it,” in Rasor, Dina (ed.) More Bucks, Less Bang: How the Pentagon Buys Ineffective Weapons (Washington: Fund for Constitutional Government Project on Military Procurement, 1983), p. 189.

Karam, Andrew. Rig Ship for Ultra-Quiet. (Sydney: Sid Harta Publishers, 2002). Pp. 192-193.

Keegan, John. Six Armies in Normandy (New York: Penguin, 1994), pp. xviii, and 121.

Kelly, Christopher J. “The Submarine Force in Joint Operations.” Unpublished Research Report AU/ASCS/145-1998-04. (Maxwell Air Force Base: Air Command and Staff College, April 1998). Pp. 20-21.

Kick, Russ (ed.) Everything You Know is Wrong (New York: The Disinformation Company, 2003), pp. 221-222.

Langton, Christopher. The Military Balance 2003/2004 (London: Oxford University Press, 2003), p. 159.

Lehman, John. Command of the Seas. (New York: Charles Scribner’s Sons, 1988), pp. 97, 99, 117, 273, and 282.

Lehrman, Lewis E. Address to Garrison Forest School (The Lehrman Institute: September 23, 1993), p. 1.

Lindsey, Forrest R. “Nagumo’s Luck” in Tsouras, Peter G. (ed.) Rising Sun Victorious (London: Greenhill Books: 2001), pp. 120-143. If nothing else, given the ongoing war raging in Europe and in the Atlantic, the very plausible albeit theoretical Japanese successes described in this book could easily have altered the course of U.S. naval history away from its current “big carrier” tangent.

Lovitz, Barbara E. "Making the Implicit Explicit: A Conceptual Approach for Assessing the Outcomes of Doctoral Education," Paper presented at the ASHE Symposium on Assessing Doctoral Students. Sacramento, California, November 2004.

Luvaas, Jay. Napoleon on the Art of War. (New York: Touchstone, 1999), p. x.

Macgregor, Douglas A. Breaking the Phalanx. (Westport: Praeger, 1997), pp. 127, 137, 204-205.

Marcinko, Richard, and Weisman, John. Rogue Warrior. (New York: Pocket Books, 1992), pp. 338, 340-341.

Miller, David. The Illustrated Directory of Submarines of the World. (London: Salamander, 2002), pp. 272 and 315.

Miller, Duncan, and Hobson, Sharon. The Persian Excursion: The Canadian Navy in the Gulf War. (Clementsport, Nova Scotia: The Canadian Peacekeeping Press, 1995), pp. 73, 87, 99, 107-108, 111, 119, 149, 179, and 223.

Milner, Marc. North Atlantic Run: The Royal Canadian Navy and the Battle for the Convoys. (Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 1994).

Morin, Jean H., and Gimblett, Richard H. Operation Friction: The Canadian Forces in the Persian Gulf. (Toronto: Dundurn Press, 1997), pp. 23, 40, 85-88, and 94.

Morison, Samuel Eliot. The Battle of the Atlantic: September 1939 - May 1943. (Champaign IL:
University of Illinois Press, 2001), pp. 12-13, 131, 157, 214, 219, 303, and 415.

Morison, Samuel Eliot. The Rising Sun in the Pacific 1931- April 1942. (Edison, NJ: Castle Books, 2001), pp. 6, and 23-25.

Moskos, Charles. “Armed Forces in a Warless Society,” in Freedman, Lawrence (ed.) War (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1994), pp. 136-137.

Neale, Jonathan. A People’s History of the Vietnam War. (New York: The New Press, 2003), p. 75.

Orita, Zenji, and Harrington, Joseph D. I-Boat Captain. (Canoga Park: Major Books, 1976), pp. 40, 61, 72-73, 76-79, 87, 89, 119-130, 200 and 201.

Overy, Richard. Why the Allies Won. (New York: W.W. Norton, 1995), pp. 38, 298-301 and 324.

Padfield, Peter. War Beneath the Sea. (New York: John Wiley & Sons, 1998), pp. 191, 194, 222, and 308. 

Parenti, Michael. Superpatriotism (San Francisco: City Light Books, 2004), p. 34.

Peniston, Bradley. Around the World with the U.S. Navy: A Reporter’s Travels (Annapolis: Naval Institute Press, 1999), pp. 17 and 30.

Peters, Charles. How Washington Really Works (Cambridge: Perseus, 1993), p. 88.

Pillsbury, Michael. China Debates the Future Security Environment (online version). (Washington, D.C.: National Defense Univ. Press, 2000).

Polmar, Norman, Moore, K.J. Cold War Submarines (Dulles: Brassey’s, 2004), pp. 210-214.

Reeve, John, and Stevens, David (editors). The Face of Naval Battle. (Crows Nest, NSW (Australia): Allen & Unwin, 2003), pp. 99-101.

Regan, Geoffrey. The Brassey's Book of Naval Blunders. (Washington: Brassey's, 2000), pp. 49, 84-85, and 116.

Rendall, Ian. Rolling Thunder: Jet Combat from World War II to the Gulf War (New York: Dell, 1997), pp. 178-179, and 197.

Riccioni, Colonel Everest, USAF (Retired). Description of Our Failing Defense Acquisition System (Washington, D.C.: Project on Government Oversight, March 8, 2005), pp. 17-20.

Riccioni, Colonel Everest, USAF (Retired). Is the Air Force Spending Itself into Unilateral Disarmament? (Washington, D.C.: Project on Government Oversight, August 2001).

Robb, David L. Operation Hollywood: How the Pentagon Shapes and Censors the Movies (Amherst: Prometheus Books, 2004), pp. 94, 133, 182, and 199.

Russett, Bruce M. No Clear and Present Danger: A Skeptical View of the United States Entry into World War II. (Boulder: Westview Press, 1997), pp. 22, 25-27, and 49-62.

Sadkovich, James J., (ed.) Reevaluating Major Naval Combatants of World War II (Westford: Greenwood Press, 1990), pp. XX, and 10.

Scammell, Henry. Giantkillers: The Team and The Law that Help Whistleblowers Recover America’s Stolen Billions (New York: Atlantic Monthly Press, 2004), p. 45.

Schank, John F. et al. Finding the Right Balance: Simulator and Live Training for Navy Units. (The Rand Corporation, 2002), pp. 21 –37.

Smith, Hedrick. The Power Game. (New York: Ballantine Books, 1988), p. 167.

Smith, Perry M. Assignment Pentagon: How to Excel in Bureaucracy (Dulles, Virginia: Brassey’s, 2002), p. 176.

Snowie, Alan J. The Bonnie: HMCS Bonaventure. (Richmond Hill: Firefly Books, 1987), pp. 7, 88-89, and 230. This book provides detailed information on the successes of the Bonaventure and her ability to outperform American Essex-class ASW carriers.

Sontag, Sherry, and Drew, Christopher. Blind Man’s Bluff. (New York: HarperPaperbacks, 1998), pp. 299 and 317.

Soward, Stuart E. Hands to Flying Stations, Vol. II. (Victoria, BC: Neptune Developments, 1995), pp. 46, 71, 187-191, 235-236, 245-246, and 424-425.

Spector, Ronald. At War At Sea: Sailors and Naval Combat in the Twentieth Century (New York: Penguin Books, 2001), pp. 10, 135, 140, 155, 163, 229, 249-252, 336, 354-355, 367-368, 370, and 382.

Spector, Ronald. Eagle Against the Sun (New York: Vintage, 1985), p. 20.

Spencer, Jack. The Facts About Military Readiness (Backgrounder No. 1394). (Washington: The Heritage Foundation, September 15, 1999), pp. 11-12.

Spinney, Franklin. Trip Report: VFA-81, Cecil Field, 12-15 July 1994. Defense and the National Interest, July, 1994.

Stevenson, James P. The Pentagon Paradox: The Development of the F-18 Hornet. (Annapolis: Naval Institute Press, 1993), pp. 9-10, 34-35, 114, and 218.

Stillion, John. Blunting the Talons: The Impact of Peace Operations Deployments on USAF Fighter Crew Combat Skills RAND, RGSD-147, 1999, pp. 117-118.

Stubbing, Richard A., and Mendel, Richard A. The Defense Game. (New York: Harper & Row, 1986), pp. 118, 122 and 123.

Thompson, William C. A Glimpse of Hell: The Explosion on the U.S.S. Iowa and its Cover-Up. (New York: W. W. Norton & Co.: 1999), pp. 19, 22-33, 50-51,54-55, 60, 67-68, 74, 110, and 124.

Timperlake, Edward, and Triplett, William C., III. Red Dragon Rising: Communist China’s Military Threat to America. (Washington: Regnery Publishing, 2000), pp. 166-167.

Toffler, Alvin and Heidi. War and Ant-War (New York: Warner Books, 1993), p. 239.

Toperczer, Istvan. MiG-21 Units of the Vietnam War (Oxford: Osprey, 2001), p. 16.

Trask, David F. The AEF & Coalition Warmaking, 1917-1918 (Lawrence: University Press of Kansas, 1993), p. 101 and 177.

Truscott, Peter. Kursk. (London: Pocket books, 2003), pp. 36, 57, 121, 124, and 130-131.

Tyler, Patrick. Running Critical: The Silent War, Rickover, and General Dynamics. (New York: Harper & Row, 1986), pp. 25, 49, 66-67, 103, 137, 154-156, 182, and 299.

Van der Vat, Dan. The Pacific Campaign: The U.S.-Japanese Naval War 1941-1945. (New York: Touchstone, 1991), pp. 19, 120, 270, 343, and 351.

Vistica, Gregory L. Fall from Glory: The Men Who Sank the U.S. Navy. (New York: Simon & Schuster, 1997), pp. 12, 29, 81, 91, 128, and 157.

Waller, Douglas C. Big Red: The Three Month Voyage of a Trident Nuclear Submarine. (New York: HarperTorch, 2001), pp. 9, 87 and 318.

Weir, Gary E., and Boyne, Walter J. Rising Tide: The Untold Story of the Russian Submarines that fought the Cold War (New York: Basic Books, 2003), pp. 115-118, 207-208.

Wilson, George C. Supercarrier (New York: Berkley, 1986), pp. 142-143, 155, 207-208, 236, and 281-282.

Woolner, Derek. Getting in Early: Lessons of the Collins Submarine Program for Improved Oversight of Defence Procurement. Research Paper, No. 3 2002-02, Department of the Parliamentary Library, Foreign Affairs, Defence and Trade Group, 18 September 200, p.22

Z., Mickey. The Seven Deadly Spins (Monroe, Maine: Common Courage Press, 2004), pp. 119-125.

Zepezauer, Mark. Take the Rich Off Welfare. (Cambridge: South End Press, 2004), pp. 54-55.

Zumwalt, Admiral Elmo, and Zumwalt, Lieutenant Elmo. My Father, My Son. (New York: Dell, 1987), pp. 42, 44-45 and 120.

GAO Reports

“Defense Acquisitions: Comprehensive Strategy Needed to Improve Ship Cruise Missile Defense” (Washington: GAO Report Number GAO/NSIAD-00-0149). July 2000.

“Statement of Frank C. Conahan, Director National Security and International Affairs Division before the Subcommittee on Legislation and National Security Committee on Government Operations, House of Representatives, on Readiness of Navy Tactical Air Forces” (Washington: GAO, November 2, 1983), p. 3.

“Weapons Testing: Quality of DOD Operational Testing and Reporting” (Washington: GAO Report Number GAO/PEMD-88-32BR). July 1998.

Online Resources

War losses: a list of US naval ship losses in World War II, compiled by the US Naval War College. A great site that describes the achievements of Canada’s last aircraft carrier. Well researched and thoroughly documented. Very professional in all respects. An excellent site maintained by Dutch submariners. It has extensive entries on Dutch successes against U.S .Navy carriers and some startling periscope photos as well.   A very authoritative site that features detailed information on the U.S. Navy, its ships, its bases, and its equipment. Maintained by John Pike.   The Dutch Aviation Society publishes very detailed information on world air forces on this Web site. Very professional and informative. Details of the Pakistani Air Force’s successes against the Indian and Israeli Air Forces are provided. This Web site provides detailed information on all the ace fighter pilots of World War I. See the interviews with Major Russell Prechtl and Major Gregory Stroud for more info on the F-16, and for comparisons of the USN and USAF flying programs. Information about the CANTASS system. Royal Navy Mine countermeasures. “Little Known Facts about the American Revolutionary War” The Imperial War Museum’s Web site on the RCN’s contribution to the Battle of the Atlantic Interview with Michael DiMercurio by Christy Tillery French Image of North Vietnamese postage stamp commemorating the sinking of USS Card Blue Angels Information. The wit and humor of the ages. Department of Defense Dictionary of Military and Associated Terms amended May 2005. Snowbirds Information. “U.S. Navy at War 1941-1945 (Official Reports by Fleet Admiral Ernest J King, U.S.N.)”


Cellucci, Paul. “Remarks by Ambassador Paul Cellucci to The American Assembly.” February 4, 2005. Arden House, Harriman, New York. This speech can be viewed at:

Polmar, Norman. “Statement by Norman Polmar” to the House Military Procurement Subcommittee. Washington, DC: 18 March 1997.

Radio Interviews

Interview: “Paul Beaver Discusses the U.S. Navy’s Public Relations Program compared with Others around the World,” on NPR Weekend Edition – Sunday with Lisa Simeone. 2/17/2001. HighBeam Research (accessed September, 2004).

Interview with Thomas B. Allen on “Talk of the Nation” with Neal Conan on NPR, 1/8/2003. HighBeam Research (accessed September, 2004).

Telephone Interview

Interview with Captain Dean Knuth, US Naval Reserve (Retired), 10 March 2005.

E-mail Correspondence

E-mails from Captain Jan Nordenman, Royal Swedish Navy (Retired), Lieutenant Commander Aidan Talbott, RN, Dr. Andy Karam, Squadron Leader J. R. Sampson, RAAF (Retired), Lt. Col. David Evans, USMC (Retired), Jon Dougherty, and Colonel Everest Riccioni, USAF (Retired), Lt. Col. Pierre Rochefort, CF (Retired), Major Lew Ferris, CF (Retired) and Major Leif Wadelius, CF (Retired), and Lieutenant Commander Roland West, RCN (Retired), in 2004 and 2005.

Unpublished Papers and Book Manuscripts

Knuth, Dean. “Lessons of Ocean Venture ’81.” 1981.

Shuger, Scott. Navy Yes, Navy No, unpublished book manuscript, 1988, pp. 2, 4, 78, 84, 152-153, 155, 158, 161-162, 166-167, 183, 199-200, 224, and 234.

Riccioni, Everest. “A History and Military Analysis of the USAF F-22 Raptor Acquisition.” 2005.

TV and VHS Reports and Documentaries

Investigative Reports (with Bill Kurtis). “Seven Minutes that Stunned the Navy.” A & E Entertainment, 2000.

Investigative Reports (with Bill Kurtis). “Out of the Gulf, Into the New Navy.” A & E Entertainment, 2000.

Discovery Channel Documentary. “Fleet Command.” December 1997.

Discovery Channel Documentary, “Building the Ultimate Submarine.” 2003.

NOVA Documentary (PBS). “Submarine!” January 14, 1992.

NOVA Documentary (PBS). “Submarine: Steel Boats, Iron Men.” 1989.

WABC TV, New York. “Investigators Uncover Serious Flaws in Security at U.S. Navy Bases.” October 24, 2000. The transcript for this investigative report can be viewed at:

Cran, William, and Loeterman, Ben (producers). Frontline Documentary (PBS). “Return of the Great White Fleet” May 14, 1984.

Periscope Shots of US Navy ships

The first two photos were supplied by Dr. Andy Karam.

This photo of a Ticonderoga-class cruiser was taken by Andy Karam on the USS Plunger.

This photo of a US carrier was taken by another sailor on USS Plunger.

Note: The additional links below are provided for illustrative purposes only, not to support any argument made in this paper. The author does not endorse and is not responsible for the content of these external sites.

USS Enterprise (Photo by German submarine)

USS Carl Vinson (Photo by Australian submarine)

USS America (Photo by Dutch Submarine)

USS Eisenhower (Photo by USS Billfish)

USS John F Kennedy

USS Saratoga and USS Midway

USS Saratoga

USS New Jersey (Photo by USS La Jolla)

USS Blue Ridge

Recommended Fiction

Hallan William H. “The Fourth Scenario,” and Dubois, Brendan. “Victory at Pearl Harbor” in Thomsen, Brian and Greenberg, Martin H. (eds). A Date Which Will Live in Infamy: An Anthology of Pearl Harbor Stories That Might Have Been (Nashville: Cumberland Press, 2001), pp. 175-224. In “The Fourth Scenario,” Hallan spins a yarn in which the entire US Pacific Fleet was at sea on December 7, 1941, the battle took place (and this time, the Japanese got the worst of it), but the Japanese also bombed the oil tanks at Pearl Harbor. In this counterfactual realm, an American admiral said “The Navy runs on oil. And now we don’t a drop of fuel west of San Diego. You understand? Not a drop of oil between San Diego and Tokyo. Without those oil tank farms, the U.S. Navy is out of the Pacific for at least six months or even a year. Maybe more. And that’s all the time the Japanese need to overrun all of Southeast Asia and pour into Australia while our fleet sits helpless in port waiting for the tank farms to be rebuilt. We may have to sue for peace… Because of the fourth scenario, we may have just won the battle and lost the war against Japan.”

In Dubois’ story, the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor occurred just as it did in the history books, but the American carriers and other surviving ships pursued and confronted the Japanese after the attack. The results were horrendous for the Americans. “’We were so stupid and arrogant,’” said the veteran character telling the story. “‘We thought the mighty American white man, who hadn’t lost a war ever since the country was founded, was going to take on these funny Japanese guys… We forgot – most of us, at least – that they were veterans. They had been fighting in China and Manchuria and Korea…Hell, about forty years earlier, they had whacked the crap out of the Russians, destroying their naval fleet. They knew how to fight. And us? We knew how to polish brass. We knew how to conduct fire-control drills. We knew how to polish shoes. We were a goddamn peacetime navy, with officers who had never heard a shot fired in anger. And when we finally caught up to the task force, they turned on us, they turned on us hard. Like we had been chasing a pack of rapid dogs. Christ, how they fought…’”

Robinson, Patrick. Kilo Class (New York: HarperPaperbacks, 1998), pp. 508-512. Admiral Sir John Woodward was Robinson’s naval advisor, and his recount of the sinking of the fictional aircraft carrier USS Thomas Jefferson is worth remembering. See also Robinson, Patrick. Nimitz Class (New York: HarperTorch, 1998). Fiction to be sure, but still plausible and entertaining. This tome was endorsed by former US Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, Admiral William J. Crowe, US Navy (Retired) and by Captain Richard Sharpe, Royal Navy (Retired), the Editor of Jane’s Fighting Ships.